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All about whiplash neck strain causes of whiplash symptoms of whiplash diagnosis of whiplash treatments for whiplash prevention of whiplash

How is whiplash diagnosed?

Whiplash is difficult to diagnose because x rays and other imaging studies do not always reveal changes in bone structure. Organs affected by nerve damage or reduced blood supply may generate symptoms not clearly related to whiplash. Diagnosis is based on observation of the patient's symptoms, medical history, physical examination, and neurological

studies to determine whether the spine has been injured. Whiplash cannot be seen on an MRI scan, CT scan or X-ray, although an X-ray is taken if there is a suspicion of fracture or dislocation of the cervical spine.

Computed tomography scan (Also called a CT or CAT scan.) uses a combination of x-rays and computer technology to produce cross-sectional images (often called slices), both horizontally and vertically, of the body. A CT scan shows detailed images of any part of the body, including the bones, muscles, fat, and organs. CT scans are more detailed than general x-rays. X-rays are used right after injury if the health care professional suspects there may be a fracture or that the spine is not stable. X-rays also show disc height and bone spurs. Otherwise they are often used in patients who do not get significantly better by about 12 weeks. If an MRI is performed, X-ray examination is usually also done to look at the bone anatomy. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is necessary if the health care professional suspects a disc herniation, disc injury or compression of a nerve or the spinal cord.

More information on whiplash

What is whiplash neck strain? - Whiplash is an injury to the neck caused by the neck bending forcibly forward and then backward, or vice versa.
What causes whiplash? - The most common causes of whiplash are motor vehicle accidents, especially when the vehicle is struck from the rear.
What're the symptoms of a whiplash? - Symptoms of a whiplash include neck pain, neck stiffness, injuries to the muscles and ligaments, headache, dizziness.
How is whiplash diagnosed? - Whiplash is difficult to diagnose because x rays and other imaging studies do not always reveal changes in bone structure.
What're the treatments for whiplash? - Treatment for whiplash may include pain medications, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, antidepressants, muscle relaxants.
How to prevent whiplash? - There are no guidelines for preventing whiplash because it often occurs due to an unexpected event.
Bone, joint, & muscle disorders

Topics in bone, joint, and muscle disorders

Bone diseases
Bone tumors
Bone cancer
Muscle diseases
Spine (neck and back) disorders
Dupuytren's contracture
Plantar fasciitis
Rheumatoid arthritis
Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
Septic arthritis (infectious Arthritis)
Psoriatic arthritis
Reiter's syndrome (reactive arthritis)
Ankylosing spondylitis
Gout (gouty arthritis)

All information is intended for reference only. Please consult your physician for accurate medical advices and treatment. Copyright 2005,, all rights reserved. Last update: July 18, 2005