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All about fibromyalgia syndrome causes of fibromyalgia risk factors for fibromyalgia complications of fibromyalgia symptoms of fibromyalgia diagnosis of fibromyalgia fibromyalgia treatments fibromyalgia diet fibromyalgia exercise fibromyalgia pain relief medications

Fibromyalgia pain relief medications

Pain relief is of major concern for patients with fibromyalgia. For relief of mild pain, acetaminophen (Tylenol) is most often recommended. Anti-inflammatory drugs, which are commonly used for arthritic conditions, are less useful for the pain of

fibromyalgia, since the pain is not caused by muscle or joint inflammation. Such drugs include corticosteroids and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil), and others. Capsaicin (Zostrix) is an ointment prepared from the active ingredient in hot chili peppers that has been helpful for relieving painful areas in other disorders. It may have some value for fibromyalgia patients. Opioids, or narcotics, may be used for certain patients with moderate to severe pain or significant functional impairment who cannot find relief with other, less potent treatments. Some may be given combinations of narcotic pain relievers and acetaminophen for periodic pain. Some physicians prescribe opioids such as oxycodone (Roxicodone) or morphine sulfate (Duramorph) for patients who require ongoing relief. Physicians should take a careful medical and psychological profile of the patient before prescribing opioids and periodically reevaluate the patient for continuing pain relief, side effects, and indications of dependence. Tramadol (Ultram) is a pain reliever that has been used as an alternative to opioids. It has helped some people and was thought not to be addictive, although dependence and abuse have been reported. It can cause nausea. Intravenous lidocaine. The anesthetic lidocaine, which can offer pain relief when injected into tender muscle points during "trigger point injections" (see above), may also offer benefits when it is infused into the veins. Preliminary results of a small British pilot study found that the infusions relieved pain and improved well-being in those who had not responded to other therapies. This approach has certain risks and more research is needed.

More information on fibromyalgia syndrome

What is fibromyalgia syndrome? - Fibromyalgia is a debilitating chronic illness characterized by diffuse pain, fatigue, and a wide range of other symptoms.
What causes fibromyalgia? - The cause of fibromyalgia is currently unknown. Sleep disturbances are common in fibromyalgia. Fibromyalgia is an inherited disorder.
What're the risk factors for fibromyalgia? - Risk factors for fibromyalgia include gender, age, genetic factors, specific lifestyle factors, psychiatric illness.
What're the complications of fibromyalgia? - Fibromyalgia is a common and chronic problem. Fibromyalgia can be mild or disabling, and the emotional repercussions can be substantial.
What are the symptoms of fibromyalgia? - Fibromyalgia symptoms include widespread, diffuse pain, physical fatigue, irritable bowel syndrome, genitourinary symptoms, dermatological disorders.
How is fibromyalgia diagnosed? - Diagnosis of fibromyalgia is difficult. The doctor may make a diagnosis by ruling out other conditions with similar symptoms.
What's the treatment for fibromyalgia? - There is no cure for fibromyalgia. Treatment for fibromyalgia involves conventional analgesics to reduce the effects of fatigue and pain.
What fibromyalgia diet is suggested? - Fibromyalgia patients should maintain a healthy diet low in animal fat and high in fiber, with plenty of whole grains, fresh fruits and vegetables.
What fibromyalgia exercise is suggested? - Low-impact aerobic exercises are effective treatments for fibromyalgia. Exercise regimens are most beneficial when performed on an every-other-day basis.
Fibromyalgia pain relief medications - Pain relief is of major concern for patients with fibromyalgia. Acetaminophen (Tylenol) is often used for mild pibromyalgia pain relief.
Bone, joint, & muscle disorders

Topics in bone, joint, and muscle disorders

Bone diseases
Bone tumors
Bone cancer
Muscle diseases
Spine (neck and back) disorders
Dupuytren's contracture
Plantar fasciitis
Rheumatoid arthritis
Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
Septic arthritis (infectious Arthritis)
Psoriatic arthritis
Reiter's syndrome (reactive arthritis)
Ankylosing spondylitis
Gout (gouty arthritis)

All information is intended for reference only. Please consult your physician for accurate medical advices and treatment. Copyright 2005,, all rights reserved. Last update: July 18, 2005