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All about fibromyalgia syndrome causes of fibromyalgia risk factors for fibromyalgia complications of fibromyalgia symptoms of fibromyalgia diagnosis of fibromyalgia fibromyalgia treatments fibromyalgia diet fibromyalgia exercise fibromyalgia pain relief medications

How is fibromyalgia diagnosed?

Diagnosis of fibromyalgia is difficult and it is often misdiagnosed because symptoms can be mistaken for another condition. Coexisting nerve and muscle disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis, spinal arthritis, or Lyme disease may further

complicate diagnosis. Currently, there are no specific tests available to diagnose fibromyalgia, so the doctor may make a diagnosis by ruling out other conditions with similar symptoms. The doctor may be able to diagnose fibromyalgia if the patient has widespread pain in combination with tenderness in at least 11 of 18 sites known as trigger points. These include areas such as the base of the neck, along the backbone, at the elbow, hip, the back of the knee, and shoulder. Most physicians use a diagnostic technique of palpating tender points, specific spots on the body that are usually very pressure-sensitive in individuals with the disorder. This technique was developed by the American College of Rheumatology as a means of confirming the diagnosis for clinical studies, and required participants to have 11 of 18 identified tender points. While many fibromyalgia patients express pain on palpation, patients with a high pain tolerance may not feel any pain during this exam. In recent years this has caused researchers to rexamine this diagnostic criteria but it has not yet been entirely abandoned. There is stated evidence that chronic fatigue syndrome is the same disorder as fibromyalgia in individuals with high pain tolerance. Another method of diagnosis is a specialized technique called mapping that is a gentle palpitation of the muscles to detect lumps and areas of spasm that are thought to be caused by an excess of calcium in the cytosol of the cells. This is especially useful to physicians who believe fibromyalgia can be reversed. This theory of the cause of fibromyalgia is known as the Guaifenesin Protocol.

More information on fibromyalgia syndrome

What is fibromyalgia syndrome? - Fibromyalgia is a debilitating chronic illness characterized by diffuse pain, fatigue, and a wide range of other symptoms.
What causes fibromyalgia? - The cause of fibromyalgia is currently unknown. Sleep disturbances are common in fibromyalgia. Fibromyalgia is an inherited disorder.
What're the risk factors for fibromyalgia? - Risk factors for fibromyalgia include gender, age, genetic factors, specific lifestyle factors, psychiatric illness.
What're the complications of fibromyalgia? - Fibromyalgia is a common and chronic problem. Fibromyalgia can be mild or disabling, and the emotional repercussions can be substantial.
What are the symptoms of fibromyalgia? - Fibromyalgia symptoms include widespread, diffuse pain, physical fatigue, irritable bowel syndrome, genitourinary symptoms, dermatological disorders.
How is fibromyalgia diagnosed? - Diagnosis of fibromyalgia is difficult. The doctor may make a diagnosis by ruling out other conditions with similar symptoms.
What's the treatment for fibromyalgia? - There is no cure for fibromyalgia. Treatment for fibromyalgia involves conventional analgesics to reduce the effects of fatigue and pain.
What fibromyalgia diet is suggested? - Fibromyalgia patients should maintain a healthy diet low in animal fat and high in fiber, with plenty of whole grains, fresh fruits and vegetables.
What fibromyalgia exercise is suggested? - Low-impact aerobic exercises are effective treatments for fibromyalgia. Exercise regimens are most beneficial when performed on an every-other-day basis.
Fibromyalgia pain relief medications - Pain relief is of major concern for patients with fibromyalgia. Acetaminophen (Tylenol) is often used for mild pibromyalgia pain relief.
Bone, joint, & muscle disorders

Topics in bone, joint, and muscle disorders

Bone diseases
Bone tumors
Bone cancer
Muscle diseases
Spine (neck and back) disorders
Dupuytren's contracture
Plantar fasciitis
Rheumatoid arthritis
Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
Septic arthritis (infectious Arthritis)
Psoriatic arthritis
Reiter's syndrome (reactive arthritis)
Ankylosing spondylitis
Gout (gouty arthritis)

All information is intended for reference only. Please consult your physician for accurate medical advices and treatment. Copyright 2005,, all rights reserved. Last update: July 18, 2005