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All about bunions causes of bunions symptoms of bunion diagnosis of bunions bunion treatment bunion removal surgery

What causes bunions?

Bunions are often caused by narrow-toed, high-heeled shoes. These compress the big toe and push it toward the second toe. Wearing improperly fitting shoes, especially those with a narrow toe box and excessive heel height, often causes the

formation of a bunion. This forefoot deformity is seen more often in women than men. The higher frequency in females may be related to the strong link between footwear fashion and bunions. The condition may become painful as extra bone and a fluid-filled sac grow at the base of the big toe. This leads to swelling and pain. Bunions occur more frequently in women and sometimes run in families.

Because genetic factors can predispose people to the hallux valgus bone displacement, a strong family history of bunions can increase the likelihood of developing this foot disorder. Although bunions can be an inherited condition that occurs in families, shoes that are too small are the primary cause of bunions, and other disabling foot problems such as corns, calluses and hammertoes. An underlying neurological disorder, such as cerebral palsy, can also predispose a child to developing bunions. Other possible causes of bunions are leg-length discrepancies, with the bunion present on the longer leg, and trauma occurring to the joint of the big toe. A bunionette, or tailor's bunion, is one that develops at the base of the little toe. When the long bone that connects to the toe (metatarsal) bends away from the foot, the little toe bends inward and the joint swells or enlarges.

More information on bunion

What are bunions? - A bunion is the painful swelling of the fluid-filled sac, called the bursa, at the first joint of the big toe. Bunions are often caused by narrow-toed, high-heeled shoes.
What causes bunions? - Bunions are often caused by narrow-toed, high-heeled shoes. These compress the big toe and push it toward the second toe.
What're the symptoms of a bunion? - Symptoms of bunions include the common signs of inflammation such as redness, swelling, and pain. Other symptoms include swelling, soreness and redness around the big toe joint.
How are bunions diagnosed? - Bunions and hallux valgus are diagnosed by examination. An evaluation should be performed by a pediatric orthopaedic surgeon.
What's the treatment for bunions? - Treatment for bunions are based on the severity of the deformity and symptoms. Surgical removal of a bunion is usually done.
What's bunion removal surgery? - The goal of the bunion removal surgery is to correct the cause of the bunion and to prevent the bunion from growing back.
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All information is intended for reference only. Please consult your physician for accurate medical advices and treatment. Copyright 2005,, all rights reserved. Last update: July 18, 2005