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What is arachnoiditis?

Arachnoiditis is an inflammatory response of the arachnoid, one of three coverings, or meninges, that envelop the brain and spinal cord. Arachnoiditis is a general term for several progressive regional disorders all of which result in the inflammation of parts of the middle membrane surrounding the spinal cord and brain (arachnoid membrane) and the space defined by this membrane (subarachnoid space). Either the spinal cord or the brain may be involved; in some cases, both are affected. This disorder can also be associated with meningitis. The condition may be caused by foreign agents such as anesthesia drugs or testing dyes injected into the spine or arachnoid membrane. Arachnoiditis may result from infection, including syphilis and tubercular meningitis, or trauma (including that resulting from surgery, lumbar puncture, and spinal anesthesia). A diagnostic procedure, called a myelogram, which is performed in patients prior to spinal surgery may cause numbness, tingling, and a characteristic stinging and burning pain.

More information on arachnoiditis

What is arachnoiditis? - Arachnoiditis is an inflammatory response of the arachnoid, one of three coverings, or meninges, that envelop the brain and spinal cord.
What causes arachnoiditis? - Arachnoiditis can be caused by certain infections that affect the spine such as meningitis, tuberculosis and syphilis.
What're the symptoms of arachnoiditis? - The symptoms of arachnoiditis include numbness, tingling, and a characteristic stinging and burning pain in the legs.
How is arachnoiditis diagnosed? - Arachnoiditis can be diagnosed in any level of the spine and skull, with proper MRI studies and competent evaluation.
What's the treatment for arachnoiditis? - Treatment of arachnoiditis consists of a combination of surgery and drug therapy. Anti-inflammatory and other drug therapy may be effective.
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