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All about arachnoiditis causes of arachnoiditis symptoms of arachnoiditis diagnosis of arachnoiditis treatment for arachnoiditis

What causes arachnoiditis?

There are many causes of adhesive arachnoiditis. They are anything that interferes with the arachnoid space such as:

infection, blood from trauma, foreign substances e.g. dye used for myelograms of the spine, steroids in epidurals, and spinal surgery. Arachnoiditis can be caused by certain infections that affect the spine such as meningitis, tuberculosis and syphilis. Arachnoiditis has long been recognized as a rare complication of spinal surgery (particularly after multiple or complex surgeries) or after severe accidental trauma to the spine has occured. Other similar causes include multiple lumbar punctures (especially if there is a "bloody tap" with bleeding into the spinal fluid), advanced spinal stenosis, or severe chronic degenerative disc disease. In recent years, Myelograms have come under close scrutiny as being a major cause of this condition. A myelogram is a diagnostic test in which a radiographic contrast media (dye) is injected into the spinal cord and nerves. This dye is then visible on X-Rays, CT, or MRI scans and used by physicians to diagnose spinal conditions. There is now evidence that exposure (especially repeated exposure) to some of the dyes used in myelograms (both ionic and non-ionic) can indeed cause Arachnoiditis. Similarly, there is growing evidence that the neurotoxic suspensions and preservatives found in Epidural Steroid Injections can also cause Arachnoiditis, especially if the steroid and it's toxic compounds are accidentally injected into the spinal cord or nerve roots during the procedure.

More information on arachnoiditis

What is arachnoiditis? - Arachnoiditis is an inflammatory response of the arachnoid, one of three coverings, or meninges, that envelop the brain and spinal cord.
What causes arachnoiditis? - Arachnoiditis can be caused by certain infections that affect the spine such as meningitis, tuberculosis and syphilis.
What're the symptoms of arachnoiditis? - The symptoms of arachnoiditis include numbness, tingling, and a characteristic stinging and burning pain in the legs.
How is arachnoiditis diagnosed? - Arachnoiditis can be diagnosed in any level of the spine and skull, with proper MRI studies and competent evaluation.
What's the treatment for arachnoiditis? - Treatment of arachnoiditis consists of a combination of surgery and drug therapy. Anti-inflammatory and other drug therapy may be effective.
Bone, joint, & muscle disorders

Topics in bone, joint, and muscle disorders

Bone diseases
Bone tumors
Bone cancer
Muscle diseases
Spine (neck and back) disorders
Dupuytren's contracture
Plantar fasciitis
Rheumatoid arthritis
Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
Septic arthritis (infectious Arthritis)
Psoriatic arthritis
Reiter's syndrome (reactive arthritis)
Ankylosing spondylitis
Gout (gouty arthritis)

All information is intended for reference only. Please consult your physician for accurate medical advices and treatment. Copyright 2005,, all rights reserved. Last update: July 18, 2005